What is Smile Design?
Smile design, with its other known name, aesthetic smile is among the dental applications that have recently attracted attention. The aim is to gain aesthetics by applying various applications to the mouth structure that is not compatible with facial features. Of course, it is not enough just to have a beautiful image. At the same time, a comfortable use is provided functionally. Smile design; It is also very effective in eliminating the laughing phobia in people from being a psychological problem. Many people's distinctive behaviors, such as laughing, covering their mouths with their hands, not wanting to laugh while taking a photo, stand out. Generally, this is due to the thought that the mouth circumference does not look aesthetic.
Who Is It Applied To?
Those with crooked teeth,
Tooth decays (especially front teeth), fractures,
Those with jaw structure disorders,
Those whose tooth structure is not compatible with the mouth,
Teeth gaps are distorted and excessive,
Those who have a laughing phobia problem because of their appearance,
Those who want to have a more aesthetic and remarkable smile,
Those who need pink aesthetics and white aesthetics,
Those who lack self-confidence due to their tooth structure,
Those who have problems with bite due to the impairment of tooth and lip distance,
Those who want to have a younger or more mature appearance.
Most of the patients who have smile aesthetics prefer the application due to these and similar problems.
Things to Know Before Making a Smile Design
Gender: It is one of the important points in smile design. Male facial features are generally sharper and longer. Women’s are more round and oval.
Yaş: It must be past puberty to interfere with some jaw structures. Bigger problems are avoided with early intervention for some members. It is not paid attention to whether it is or not.
Ten Rengi: Your choice of tooth color that is not suitable for your skin may prevent you from reaching the result you expect. Naturalness and harmony smile design is very important.
Yüz Şekli: The roundness, sharpness of the face, lip thickness, mouth and jaw structure are among the determining factors in tooth selection.
Types of Smile Design
1 - Sporty Smile: We can say that it is the most preferred in smile design application. In this application, the front teeth are one click longer than the lateral incisors. Thus, the face is given a more attractive visual.
2 - Attractive Aesthetic Smile (Sexy Smile): We can say that it is the application that holds the first place. It is an application made with the front two teeth being longer than the other teeth. This image creates a cooler, more feminine look especially for women.
3 - Intellectual Smile (Sophisticated Smile): This application is created by making the front and side teeth in the same dimensions, all in the same alignment. A more mature, wiser image is obtained.
Treatments Included in Smile Design
1 - Bonding: It is a simple method used for fractures, caries, slight splits and abrasions in teeth. Bonding is a single session process with composite fillings. The dentist creates an aesthetic appearance by shaping the tooth with great care. It can also be easily applied to small spaces between teeth.
2 - Laminated Porcelain: It is a very thin layer applied on the tooth without damaging the natural tooth. Laminated porcelain is applied by sticking porcelain leaves as thin as false nails to the tooth. It is applied in crooked teeth, broken teeth, blackened teeth after filling, and damaged tooth alignments due to jawbone.
3 - Pink Aesthetics (Gum Aesthetics): Smile design is not just a work on teeth. The mouth as a whole should correspond to the golden ratio. Some gums can recede over time. In such cases, the teeth return to their natural appearance with the method applied to the gum.
In addition, the pink aesthetic method is applied if the gum called gummy smile is too visible. With the help of laser, the gums are pushed to the required level. Pink aesthetics;
I - Regenerative: It is applied in dental damage caused by various ailments.
II - Gingivectomy: Used for gum growth. In addition, the excess gums are cut.
III - Gingivoplasty: It is applied in order to regulate the image level of the gums that are too disturbing.
IV - Crown lengthening: Generally, the tooth crown becomes shorter as a result of the decay of the decay to the lower level. This disrupts the symmetry of the tooth structure. The circumference of the gum is corrected so that the tooth looks longer.
V - Orthodontic Treatments: Because of the narrowness or width of the jaw, the teeth take place in different ways as they should be in the mouth. If the jaw structure is narrow, the teeth are arranged intricately. If it is wider than necessary, gaps are formed and the sequence settles. In these disorders, it is aimed to return the teeth and jawbone to normal. The most effective result in this regard is orthodontic treatment, and the procedure known as braces is applied to the teeth. When this treatment is not needed in smile design, it is not applied. The reason is that it requires a long term process.
VI - Implant: It is a method used in tooth loss due to various reasons. The metal in the form of a small screw obtained from the titanium material is placed in the jaw bone and fused. Then, a substance that resembles the tooth structure is fixed to the implant on the gum. Finally, porcelain teeth are made and an aesthetic appearance is obtained.
4 - Zirconium Coating: Known coatings are divided into metal-supported and non-metal-supported coatings. Generally, metal-colored coating applications do not create an aesthetic appearance. Therefore, the use of zirconium comes into play. This substance, which is the color of the tooth, is made to be applied to the tooth with various mixtures. Thus, it is not noticed that there is a coating on the tooth.
5 - Porcelain Coating: It is a method used in problems such as fractures, destruction and caries in the teeth. Since it is made of porcelain material, it has a very solid and natural appearance. Because it is personal, it is designed in the size of the tooth size and placed on the tooth. The most important thing in porcelain coating is that it matches the tooth color and is not bigger than the surrounding teeth.
6 - Root Canal Treatment: This application is applied in dental problems that cannot be recovered. In case of inflammation and decay of the tooth root, the dental nerves in the root are removed. The channels opened are filled with the active substance. It is then covered.
Which Problems Does Smile Design Solve?
Fractures and decays
Depressions around the lips
Incompatibility of face shape and mouth structure
Damages in gingival recession
Shape of the teeth due to their size (long and very short)
Crowding of teeth
Psychological laughing phobia
Gingival excess (laser removal)
Tooth stains and darkening
Patients with self-confidence problems due to their appearance
Too much tooth spacing
Jaw bone disorder
Smile Design Treatment Process
1 - During the first examination, a long meeting is held with the physician. All your face problems you are aware of or not are detected. The procedures to be applied, the wishes of the patient, the desired or unwanted operations are decided. If the patient will only be treated for tooth and gum problems, this period can be between 2 and 3 weeks. After this process, the main application part starts. This is done in two ways.
2 - First, a photograph of the patient's tooth and its surroundings is taken. The photograph is transferred to digital media and taken for examination. The software program is used for this job. Dental profiles with different structures are placed in the photo and their compatibility with the face is evaluated. The most suitable profile is selected and interpreted and kept as a sketch.
4 - The second stage is done with the tooth model taken from the patient. This model is made from temporary materials (wax-up method). Before the procedure is done, the patient is evaluated by attaching it to natural teeth. Since these temporary teeth give clear results on the patient, correction, addition, various changes are made and the final shape is given. Thus, you will have the chance to see the result before the process starts.
Placement of Teeth
Vertical Symmetry: It is the imaginary vertical line extending from the top of the forehead to the tip of the nose and from the middle of the anterior incisor to the chin end. It is important for symmetry to have the same dimensions on both sides of the face.
Horizontal Parallelism: The imaginary line passing through the middle of the pupil and the line at the tooth level must be equally parallel. Because a curved image occurs in the mouth.
Proportions of Teeth: There must be a shortening within a certain size from the front teeth to the back. This range is 0.168 ′. This number is considered the golden ratio. Many criteria are made according to this ratio.
Embrasures: It is the formation of a triangular space by side teeth known as adjacent teeth. The purpose of applying this is to get a younger look. The embrasures in the teeth wear over time and create a collapsed appearance.
Advantages of Smile Design Treatment
It eliminates the problem of tooth closure.
Color defects and stains are removed.
Natural teeth are protected as they are covered with a special layer.
The spaces created by missing teeth are filled with veneers.
Broken teeth are repaired.
Gum disorders are eliminated.
Split tooth gaps are covered.
Provides an aesthetic image formation.
Provides healthy dental and oral care.
Eliminates laughing phobia and provides a confident smile.
Natural looking teeth are obtained.
Makes you look younger and more attractive.
Disadvantages of Smile Design
Health and aesthetics are planned together. This may not be suitable for everyone. A clear price cannot be stated in advance for the application. In the first examination, information about the procedures is obtained and your doctor determines the procedures to be performed. Then your smile design cost is revealed. However, it should not be forgotten that it takes many processes into the smile design. The more important it is to have a checkup for your body, the smile design means for your oral and dental health.
What is Teeth Whitening?
Structural disorders that occur during childhood, some antibiotics exposed in infancy or in the womb, food and drinks consumed in daily life (coloring materials such as cigarettes, tea and coffee) and the amount of fluoride in drinking water may cause discoloration on the teeth. Even if the teeth are brushed in the morning and evening, unfortunately, they do not reach the desired whiteness. At this point, the tooth whitening (bleaching) method comes into play.
How Do I Know If I Need Teeth Whitening?
If the color of your teeth is yellower than the white of your eyes, you can include bleaching in your plans.
The patient applies this procedure himself. It is a procedure for simple tooth coloring. Dental measurements of the patient are taken. Then the measurement taken is reflected on a plastic-looking material. This substance replaces tooth mold. Then, a liquid coloring agent is prepared to be poured into the elastic material. The patient puts this fluid-filled material on his teeth at home. He keeps it on his teeth for 4 to 8 hours. This process is repeated daily about 1 week. Then the patient can stop to do it by his dentist's approval. This period varies according to the structure of the patient's tooth enamel.
Teeth Whitening in the Clinic (Office Bleaching)
In the clinic, the dentist performs this procedure with a special whitening device. First, the gums are protected with a special gel. Then the whitening gel is applied on the teeth. The gel is activated by the light source. This process takes about one and a half hours.
Points to be Considered in the Bleaching Process
Hot-cold Sensitivity: It is the excessive reaction of the teeth to hot and cold foods. This sensitivity can be seen after the bleaching process. However, this sensitivity can be prevented by biological whitening.
Protection of Gums: Gel applied to teeth to whiten teeth may cause damage when it comes into contact with the gums. In the home teeth whitening method, the gel placed in the tooth mold should be removed immediately with the help of a napkin when it comes into contact with the gums. In the bleaching process performed under the supervision of a dentist, your dentist performs the bleaching process by squeezing a foam-like preservative on the gum area.
Tobacco Products: Tobacco products such as cigarettes and hookah change the color of tooth enamel. Smoking should be avoided for at least 3 days after the bleaching process. Over time, enamel may change color due to smoking.
Home Whitening Process Time: An important point to be considered in this method applied at home is the duration of use. It should be done under the control of the dentist and completed on time. Otherwise, it will damage the tooth enamel instead of whitening the teeth.
Whitening Routine: Teeth that have been whitened can be used for a long time. However, this depends on routine checks, taking care of dental health, avoiding smoking, etc.
What is E-max?
It can be called the best porcelain coating. It is more sensitive than zirconium or metal coatings. Therefore, it is not applied to all areas. However, this application is a unique opportunity for people with aesthetic concerns.
The biggest advantage of this application is that metal is not used. It is especially used for patients who are allergic to metal. In addition, emax porcelain is recommended for visual purposes. Metal is not used during application. An artificial appearance occurs due to the materials used in other coating methods. The structure of Emax porcelain is transparent and in a natural color. Compared to metal-containing coatings, the surface of emax porcelain is protected against stains and plaque formation. Technological help is taken at every stage from taking meauserement to tooth shape. It requires delicate work.
E-max Porcelain Advantages
One of the most advantageous aspects is that it has an aesthetic appearance. On the other hand, since it does not contain metal, it does not cause an allergic reaction. The formation of a purplish color on the gums and the edges of the teeth is not encountered. Another feature is that it does not damage the tooth structure. Its ingredients are among the most compatible structures with teeth. Since it has light transmittance, there is no matte appearance. There are many color options. Its outer structure is slippery and smooth. It minimizes tooth sensitivity. Its slippery surface almost prevents the formation of tartar. This prevents the occurrence of gum ailments.
E-max Porcelain Disadvantages
Since no metal material is used, it is not preferred in back grinders. It is slightly more costly than metal coatings.
Who Is E-max Porcelain Applied To?
This procedure is preferred for visuality rather than decayed and broken teeth. Especially, the rate of application on the front teeth is quite high. E-max porcelain is one of the most frequently used methods in deformed teeth and visual tooth series that disturb the patient.
Why is E-max Porcelain Not Applied on All Teeth?
E-max application is not preferred in patients with long tooth loss. This is because; It is not suitable for long tooth cavity construction. Zirconium-containing veneers are preferred, especially since the back grinder teeth are based on strength. E-max is more suitable for the structure of the front incisors due to its structure.
How Long Is E-max Porcelain Used?
It is difficult to give a clear answer to this question. However, if cleaning and oral care are done regularly, you can use it for many years without any problems. Having the condition of the teeth checked twice a year will also increase the period of use. Touches that require early intervention are very important.
What is Laminated Tooth Coating?
Laminated Tooth Coating Laminated Tooth Coating, is among the highly preferred dental applications today. It can be called as sensitive as a leaf due to its fine appearance and fragile appearance. However, this is just an image. When applied to the tooth, it has a very resistant and robust structure. Laminated tooth coating, which is preferred especiallyby those who attach importance to visuality, gives very successful results when applied by successful dentists. It is attractive because it does not damage the tooth, its aesthetics and long life.
Composite Laminated Tooth
It is a composite-based veneer type that corrects problems such as broken, crooked, and discoloration that cover the surface of the tooth. This application, which can be done in a single session, is more affordable compared to porcelain laminate. Dental complaints and the patient's request are important here. During the examination, the dentist can immediately apply the composite laminate process. It is a very simple application that does not require a long time. The decays and fractures that disrupt the visuality undergo great restoration with the meticulous work of your physician. You can have this application done painlessly and without waiting.
Porcelain Laminated Tooth
Porcelain laminate is a widely used method in dentistry. It can be called tooth restoration, which is easily applied to teeth with excessive tooth gaps, discolored teeth that reach a disturbing level, broken, deformed teeth. Porcelain leaves prepared as thin layers are adhered to the surface in accordance with the gums. Depending on the situation, a thin layer of filing can be applied to the tooth structure that is large and protruding. Those who want to have a painless aesthetic smile are very satisfied with this method.
Who is Laminated Tooth Coating Applied?
With open tooth gaps,
In situations that change the color of the teeth and cause bad appearance, such as smoking, coffee,
Those with crooked teeth,
Tooth layer with filling or coating but remaining larger than necessary,
Those who are not satisfied with their teeth psychologically,
In the presence of enamel defects,
Teeth that do not respond positively to the bleaching process,
In tooth enamel problems due to various reasons,
Blackness around the teeth after root canal treatment
What is Zirconium Crown?
There are several substances used in dental coatings. In the application phase, there are two types. Metal supported cladding, cladding without metal support. Although it is not overlooked in the posterior teeth, the metal-supported coating disrupts the aesthetics in the visible front teeth. It also has an advantageous structure in terms of gum health.
Who Is Zirconium Crown Applied to?
Damage to the tooth is detected in the first examination. If the problem that occurs in the tooth requires a coating process, it is intervened in the patient chair.
Local anesthesia is applied. Numbness occurs in a short time.
The next stage is the thinning of the tooth. With the help of special tools, the tooth circumference and ends are thinned.
The purpose of thinning is to prevent the coating to be placed on the coarse and mouth structure.
Then the mouth is cleaned and disinfected.
Then the tooth size is taken.
Due to the thinning of the teeth, its appearance will not be very aesthetic. You may need to use temporary teeth. You don't need to wait for this.
On the other hand, color selection is made for zirconium coating, taking into account your natural teeth.
Color is determined by taking the opinion of the patient. However, some patients can choose lighter colors than their own tooth tone. It should not be forgotten that the main thing is to capture a natural image.
In 5 to 7 days, your zirconium crown is ready.
The incoming coating is adhered to your teeth.
What is Dental Calculus?
Bacteria in the mouth take place on the tooth over time. This liquid and sticky layer increases over time and becomes a rough, dull and bad appearance on the tooth surface. Oral saliva also hardens this bacteria and makes it permanent. This condition is called tooth stone, also known as 'tartar'.
How to Prevent Dental Calculus
The layer on the tooth surface, which can cause serious problems, triggers gum disorders if not cleaned. It is important to brush your teeth daily to avoid this situation. Tartar formation is prevented in teeth that are brushed in the morning and evening.
What are the Causes of Tartar Formation?
Lack of regular dental care.
Not using dental floss,
Saliva structure causes tartar formation. Tartar is most common in places where saliva accumulates heavily.
Insufficient brushing of the inside of the mouth and the back of the teeth.
How is Dental Calculus Treatment Done?
If tartar occurs in the tooth, individual applications will be ineffective. Clinical practice is required to separate tartar from teeth and gums. Numbing or anesthesia is not applied to clean the tartar.
what is Bad Breath?
Bad breath is a very common and treatable condition for many adults. It can be caused by something you eat or it can mean a deeper oral health problem. Here, we explain the possible causes of common bad breath as well as chronic bad breath:
What are the Causes of Bad Breath?
Not paying enough attention to oral and dental health.
Dental disorders such as tooth decay, broken fillings.
Food and beverage residues staying in the mouth for a long time.
The breakdown of food particles in and around your teeth.
Bacteria in gum ailments,
Eating certain foods, such as onions, garlic and spices,
Consuming products such as cigarettes, hookahs and alcohol also cause a long-lasting odor in the mouth.
It can be a harbinger of the disease of organs such as diabetes, liver and tonsils.
Bad breath Treatment
To prevent bad breath, the cause of the odor must first be determined. First of all, all problems that may cause odor in the mouth should be eliminated. Teeth with chronic infection in the mouth are the biggest source of odor. A heavy smell of inflammation can be felt even from long distance. The second possibility is gingival disorders. If there is odor due to mouth and teeth cleaning, care should be taken to use daily brushing and dental floss. If there are ongoing problems even though the problems in the teeth and gums have disappeared, your doctor will direct you to an otolaryngologist.
What is Tooth Sensitivity?
Sensitive teeth are not a disease. It is a condition that occurs in the form of instant tingling and discomfort. Healthy nutrition and avoidance of certain foods can prevent this sensitivity. However, if sensitivity is experienced due to erosion on tooth surfaces, abrasions should be repaired with white fillings. Otherwise, abrasions may increase and lead to greater problems.
Causes of Tooth Sensitivity
1 - Gingivitis (gingivitis) disease can cause gums to recede and cause sensitivity.
2 - Tooth grinding can also cause tooth sensitivity. Clenching or grinding the teeth during sleep at night causes abrasions on the teeth, which we call cole defects.
3 - The gums recede as a result of some diseases. In this case, dentine remains unprotected and exposed.
4 - Incorrect brushing of teeth is also a condition that damages tooth enamel. This causes tooth sensitivity.
Treatment of Tooth Sensitivity
Those who experience sensitivity in teeth;
Their toothbrushes should not be hard. It is important to use soft-headed brushes that will not damage tooth enamel.
They should care of choosing toothpaste. Fluorine-containing toothpastes and toothpaste produced for sensitive teeth should be used.
They should avoid acidic drinks as much as possible. After consumption of acidic beverages, the mouth should be rinsed with water.
When advanced sensitivity occurs, erosion on teeth is treated with filling.
What is Dental Filling?
Filling is the restoration of the cavity that appears after the cleaning all the decays and residues in a decaying tooth in accordance with the normal form of that tooth. This method, which is applied without waiting and wasting time, prevents the loss of the tooth completely.
Why is Dental Filling Done?
In tooth decays.
Broken teeth problems.
Cracked tooth repair.
It is one of the most durable and challenging filling types. It is particularly well suited for the back teeth. It does not harm teeth and gums. It is applied by adhering to the tooth.
Amalgam (Silver) Fillings
It is also called silver filling among the people. Its color is not compatible with natural teeth. For this reason, it is not applied to the front and visible teeth. It is not applied in our clinic because it contains mercury.
This type of filling is widely used. It can be done immediately in the first examination. It is an ideal procedure for cracks, especially fractures. In caries, the tooth is emptied and cleaned. Then it is filled into the composite resin mixture. Finally, it is light cured. It is applied directly to the surface in cracks. Its low cost increases the demand for composite filling.
Inlay-Onley Porcelain Filling
It is prepared and made in a laboratory environment. It can be applied to teeth that require more than one procedure. It does not stain and does not change color. Although the cost is higher than composite fillings, it should be preferred in large restorations.
Filling Construction Phase
1 - The area to be filled is first determined by x-ray.
2 - It is then emptied with technological tools.
3 - Its surroundings and inside of the tooth are cleaned.
4 - The substance to be applied is selected and prepared by the physician.
5 - Then it is filled into the cleaned tooth.
6 - The machine is used to freeze in a short time.
7 - If there is, the physician gives it the final shape by thinning, cutting, lowering.
What are Dental Bridges?
It is a simple and long-lasting treatment that is applied after tooth loss due to fractures and advanced tooth decay. The aim is to replace the missing tooth with the support of the teeth on both sides of the missing tooth.
Traditional bridge support is provided by attaching to the teeth on the sides of the diseased tooth. While the diseased tooth is being healed, some retaining teeth are abraded to fix the sides. The aim is to fill the gaps. The biggest advantage of this bridge is that its appearance is natural.
Maryland (Winged) Bridge
The application, also known as adhesive, is made by adhering to neighboring teeth. The artificial tooth made instead of the missing tooth is attached to the invisible back sides of the neighboring teeth. The back surface of neighboring natural teeth is made rough and adhesive is added. Both sides of the artificial tooth are fixed by passing these adhesive materials.The aim is to prevent the cutting of healthy natural teeth and to perform bridging.
Materials Used While Making Dental Bridge
Zirconium supported porcelain
How is Bridge Tooth Used?
Since the first stage varies according to the amount of teeth and damage, the procedures to be performed are determined. After the examination, thinning and cutting are applied to the teeth. During the application, the tooth is numbed. Then, impression is taken. With the impression paste prepared by the dentist, the mold of the tooth is removed. After the measurement phase, a temporary bridge tooth is attached. The reason for this is that the thinned teeth become sensitive. When the temporary bridge tooth is not inserted, there is aching and pain in the tooth. The molded teeth are sent to the laboratory for preparation. Depending on the density, there may be a waiting period of 3 to 10 days. When the teeth are prepared, they are examined for rehearsal. In the rehearsal, features such as deficiencies, excesses, tooth comfort, and compatibility with the mouth are checked. If there is a problem, the physician corrects it and proceeds to the bonding process. Porcelain bridges are fixed prostheses. The patient cannot insert and remove it himself. They cannot be distinguished from the patient's own teeth. Bridge teeth are aesthetic solutions.
What is the Disadvantage of Bridges?
In the implant, support is taken from the bone to complete the missing tooth, while the support is taken from the adjacent teeth on the bridge. In order to get support from the adjacent teeth, the adjacent teeth are abraded.
What is Dental Prosthesis?
Prosthesis is a method that is not preferred in dental applications and is applied as a last resort. It is aimed to correct the damaged area in the tooth. If this is not possible, a prosthesis is applied. There are two types of prosthesis. These are :
This type of prosthesis is used by patients who have lost most of their teeth or lost all of them. While being removable is an advantage for some patients, it is a big problem for others. As we are used to seeing it in the elderly, there is a perception that only older people use it. However, this is a wrong opinion. People who lost all their teeth at a young age are also numerous.
Its common name is pseudonym. It is applied if the patient has lost all of his teeth. It can be easily attached and removed. Foods which are hard, sticky (chewing gum), with small seeds (figs, strawberries, etc.) are not suitable for this prosthesis. The cleaning of these artificial teeth is very important. It must be removed and washed daily.
The biggest comfort of this coating type is that it has no hooks. In the past, support was provided only by attaching to the back teeth, but now it is applied even to the front teeth without this. Sensitive attachment prostheses are applied in patients with partial tooth loss. Like other coatings, this involves daily removal and cleaning.
implant Top Removable Dentures
This prostheses is also applied to patients who experience all tooth loss. The difference is; Artificial teeth are created thanks to the implant (screw made of titanium) placed in the jawbone. Up to 4 implants can be placed according to the need. The artificial tooth that is placed on the bone acts as a prosthesis holder. A solid and more pleasant appearance is obtained.
Section (Hooked) Prostheses
In cases where most of the teeth are lost, it is the process of attaching the natural teeth with hooks called crochet.
Coating Construction Stages
1 - Measure
In the first session, the gingiva is checked and the measurement is performed with the measuring spoon.
2 - Model Preparation
The measurements taken are in the preparation phase. Considering your jaw structure, the tooth is shaped into a three-dimensional mold.
3 - Smile Line, Height and Line Determination
The smile line and height of the teeth are adjusted according to the jaw structure and the shape.
4 - Dental Rehearsal
The final form of the tooth is given and a rehearsal is made on the patient. It is examined from all sides, such as its appearance, height, deficiencies and excesses. If there are problems, they are removed and the final shape is given.
What is Invisalign?
What is Invisalign?This application has made a breakthrough in orthodontic practice. It is also known as braceless tooth correction application. This process is applied through transparent plaques placed on the teeth.
The physician applying this procedure must have an invisalign application certificate. For this application, which requires a special preparation, the latest technology is used abundantly. In the first examination, damage to the teeth is detected. It is determined whether there is a need for treatments such as filling, coating or implant. Then, these procedures are done if necessary, and then the measurements are taken for invisalign application. Teeth are planned in a digitally supported 3D environment. Then the preparation of the plates is started. Plate is a thin and transparent structure. It is prepared in separate sizes for each tooth. Movement distance is designed as 0.05 mm. In addition, these plates are changed at short intervals. The approximate usage time varies between 13 and 15 days. After the plates are completed, they are placed on the patient's teeth. It is a very comfortable and simple method.
Invisalign is very simple to use. Structures prepared with CAD-CAM method can be easily attached to the teeth. It is easily placed on the tooth because it is according to the exact shape of your tooth structure. It will then be used up to 15 days according to your physician's directions. After 15 days, the plates will be changed.
Does It Cause Pain?
Transparent structured invisalign does not cause pain when attached to the tooth. It can put pressure on the teeth for a few days. The reason for this is that correction up to 0.5 mm is expected due to the improvement of the teeth. This feeling of pressure can be felt for a maximum of three days.
Is It Suitable For All Ages?
It is an application that does not harm teeth and gums. Therefore, it can be applied to almost everyone. However, in young children, the baby tooth must have been removed. Since it cannot be applied to milk teeth, that period must be passed. An exception is for seriously problematic tooth structures. This application is not recommended for excessively crooked teeth.
How Long Is It Used?
The duration of this application can vary from person to person. Factors such as the condition, age and care of the teeth lengthen or shorten the time. Its average duration is
How many plates are attached to teeth?
It is not necessary to apply full plaque to the teeth. It needs to be replaced with plates whose size is changed every 15 days. It is considered as a correction distance of 0.25 to 0.5 mm for 15 days. Therefore, the new invisalign will be prepared according to this ratio.
Differences Between Invisalign and Braces
Braces negatively affect the appearance aesthetically. However, this image is not created with invisalign application. Since there is no metal in the tooth, problems such as wounds, itching and allergies are not experienced. It is a simpler and painless method compared to braces treatment. The braces may cause difficulty in speaking and make some words difficult to pronounce. However, these situations do not occur in invisalign application. In terms of cleaning, braces are quite challenging. It is necessary to clean the gaps and the back of the teeth thoroughly. Since there is a wire, this process takes quite a bit of time. However, invisalign is a material that is very easy to install and remove. You can even take it off while eating and then put it back on. On your special occasions, it can be quite uncomfortable to be seen with braces. You cannot hide this view as it is not in a situation like removing and putting it back in. However, invisalign eliminates this problem. The difference between the duration of braces treatment and the duration of invisalign treatment is not something to be ignored. When two different methods are used for patients with similar problems, the braces treatment process is a bit longer. This is also a negative situation for the patient. Invisalign- The most important reason why braceless treatment is preferred is that it offers an aesthetic appearance while correcting the perplexity of your teeth. Briefly, Invisalign-transparent plaque treatment is a technique developed for patients who need orthodontic treatment to achieve the smile they want without using brackets, taking into account their cosmetic sensitivity. This technique can only be an alternative to braces in certain cases.
What is Lingual Treatment?
Invisible Back Braces, which is, Lingual orthodontic treatment, is a method used to correct the perplexes in the teeth, in which brackets are applied to the inner part of the teeth, that is, the lingual surface. Those who want to benefit from developing technology can evaluate lingual treatment. Lingual braces will be the best choice for our patients who care about their appearance and consider braces treatment in their advanced ages.
What Are Metal Braces?
The use of braces can be done not only for people with tooth distortion, but also for reasons such as jaw structure disorder, chewing problem, mouth structure appearance, tooth separation. Metal braces are a very important application for orthodontic treatment.
What Is It Used For?
It is applied in bad shape cases due to jaw curvature and slippage.
It is applied when there is more gap between teeth than it should be.
It is applied for crowding problems in tooth structure.
It can be applied as a result of the tooth coming out where it should not be.
It can be done if the teeth are too protruding outward.
Applied in case of incompatibility between jaw and upper teeth.
It is applied to people with smile phobia.
The first step for metal braces is to determine the procedures to be performed on the tooth. Then the physician extracts the teeth that need to be extracted or intervenes in the decayed teeth. After these procedures, it is time to take measurements. 3D method is used with the help of digital instruments in taking measurements. This method allows the measurement to be taken with the least difference. Then the surface of the teeth is filed. The purpose of this process is to facilitate the bonding of the brackets. Then, bracket placement begins on the teeth. Then the process is fixed with the arc wires. Since metal teeth are strong due to their structure, it may take time for the teeth to take their shape.
Braces application is an effective treatment method. Although it is difficult to get used to the first days of wearing, it quickly becomes in harmony with the tooth. Braces do not affect your eating, speaking, laughing.
How to Clean Metal Braces?
Will Metal Braces Damage Teeth?
The use of braces is a treatment method that requires care. If attention is not paid about tooth cleaning; There may be discoloration of the teeth. There may be a risk of rotting due to food residue. If you pay attention to these issues, metal braces will never harm your teeth.
Is Teeth Extracted Without Attaching Metal Braces?
One of the reasons for wearing braces is the problem of tooth compatibility with the jaw. Some people may have a small jaw structure. Based on this, the tooth structure and number do not fit into the jaw structure and pressure occurs between the teeth. If this problem is detected, tooth extraction can be performed by the dentist. Thus, the number of teeth is reduced. The jawbone gets rid of compression.
What is Porcelain Braces?
Braces application is a treatment method that has been used for many years. However, every day, various innovations are introduced to bring this method aesthetics, ease of use and make it more comfortable for the patient. Porcelain braces are one of them. Just like metal braces, there is a wire attached to the tooth horizontally. However, the brackets attached to the teeth are transparent and square. Instead of metal brackets, it is covered with transparent and more aesthetic porcelain.
Who Is It Applied?
It is applied for patients with perplexed teeth.
It is applied for patients with finger sucking and respiratory problems.
It is applied to correct the teeth that have completely lost the deciduous tooth but are misplaced.
It is applied for teeth that look bad as a result of excessive protrusion of the front teeth.
It is applied for those who have mouth closing problems.
It is applied to people with missing teeth.
It is applied on patients with wide tooth intervals.
It is applied to people who have smile problems and are uncomfortable.
It is applied to patients who have chewing and speaking problems.
It is applied in patients who have incompatibility between the lower teeth and upper teeth.
Gum Disease Symptoms
Intermittent dental infections.
Gingival redness, swelling.
Continuous bleeding during brushing.
Non-stop flowing inflammations.
Gradual recession of the gums and gaps between teeth.
Gingival bruises on treated teeth.
Apart from these, there may be internal disturbances that may not be noticed. Therefore, dentist check is very important.
How is it treated?
1 - First, gingival checks are done and a tooth film is taken when necessary.
2 - Then the tartar and plaque are cleaned.
3 - According to the progress of gingivitis, places called pockets are cleaned.
4 - Antibiotic therapy may work for simple ailments.
5 - Surgical intervention is used in advanced gum problems.
6 - There are situations where gingival pockets require deep treatment. This process is called "curettage".
7 - When periodontal treatment is required, cutting and extraction procedures are performed.
8 - In some cases, excess gums should be removed. This procedure is performed by specialist dentists.
Gum Problems Related to Drug Use
The drugs used in the treatment of some diseases have a harmful effect on the gums. Especially powerful drugs used in epilepsy disorders cause damage to the gums and around the teeth. Apart from this, it is seen that the pills used by patients with tissue-organ transplantation grow gum on the anterior surface. Medicines used for diseases such as high blood pressure and heart also cause gum color change and grow.
Gum Problems as a Result of Smoking
Smoking is seen to cause tissue loss in some gum treatments. It is said that it destroys the vessels on the gum surface, damages the tissue, and negatively affects the treatment.
Do Gum Diseases Be Genetic?
Most of those who have gum problems in the family can also have gum disease in their children. This may not always be the case. However, if there is such a situation it is useful to mention to your dentist.
Jaw bone loss.
Enlarged gum problem.
Tooth and gum recession.
Local anesthesia is applied in periodontal operation. The patient does not feel pain.
Since each treatment is individual, the patient is as important as the operation. Generally after treatment;
The gums have acquired their normal color.
The problem of bleeding and inflammation is eliminated.
Bleeding occurs during tooth brushing.
Gingival discoloration and swelling occurs.
There is no pain.
If not intervened, it will be in the next stage.
Gingival Flap Surgery
Sometimes serious intervention is required for problems in the lower part of the gum. The process takes place by separating the gums and teeth. In this way, the bone and gums under the teeth are clearly visible. It is a procedure that requires local anesthesia.
Periodontilis in the Gingiva
Gingivitis If gingivitis is not treated, this is the next step. Since the inflammation is not treated, it passes to the tooth bone. A pocket space occurs between the tooth and the gum. Finally, if there is a periodontal pocket, the progress of the problem becomes easier.
What is Root Canal Treatment?
Root canal treatment is the process of cleaning and filling the What is Root Canal Treatment veins in the roots of the teeth as a result of infection, illness, wrong treatment. When the nerve cells in the root are damaged, it sometimes causes unbearable pain.
Who Is It Applied?
Problems occuring under old coating.
In cases where decayed teeth are difficult to recover.
In wrong gum treatments.
As a result of damage to pulp.
In case of broken teeth as a result of impact damages to the root.
In tooth root infections.
Problems arising from faulty chewing habits.
As a result of damage to neighboring teeth during wisdom teeth removal.
Swelling in the lymph nodes.
UIn persistent toothache.
Root Canal Treatment Stages
It is a procedure that can take 1-2 hours due to the operation of tooth root and nerve endings. The physician who decides on root canal treatment as a result of the examination; The area of the tooth to be treated is numbed with a needle. Then the tooth area is thoroughly disinfected. After this process, the process of entering the root of the tooth begins with thin, pin-like objects. Then, the length of the root canal, ie the working area, is determined. In the next process, the focus is on the root canal space. The channel gap is corrected and the inside is cleaned. Care should be taken during cleaning. If the smallest bacteria remain, it can cause bigger problems in the future. After the cleaning phase, root canals are filled. After the process is finished, coating or filling process is applied.
Is There Any Pain After Root Canal Treatment?
The numbing procedure performed before starting root canal treatment does not exceed at least 2-3 hours. Therefore, physicians prohibit eating and drinking until the loss of sensation improves. There may be mild pains and simple pains after the procedure. However, it is not a pain to be afraid of and it is not seen in everyone.
Is Channel Fill and Pure Fill the Same?
Canal filling is the cleaning of the root canals and filling. Filling is the process of cleaning the inside of the damaged tooth and filling it with an active substance. Both are different from each other.
Is Coating Applied After Root Canal Treatment?
If the loss of substance in the tooth with root canal treatment is more, it is safer to make a coating. If the material loss is not too much, it can be completed with filling.
Implant in One Day with Digital Technology
The mouth of the individual to be implanted is scanned in 3 dimensions and transferred to the computer. The implant is placed ideally on the computer model. The patient-specific aesthetic tooth is designed with computer support before the operation. In this way, the tooth prepared before the surgery can be attached with the operation. Thanks to the 3D tomography device we use, the implant can be made in one day, without disturbing you and with the most accurate measurements. It can be applied to almost every patient.
What is Implant Supported Prosthesis?
Implant application is a method applied in patients with tooth deficiency or complete tooth deficiency. This procedure can be applied easily in patients with sufficient dental bone structure. The coating to be made on the implant can be made of various materials according to the patient's request.
Before starting this procedure, it is determined how many teeth the patient has lost. Then, jaw structure and jaw bone height suitability are taken as a basis. It can be applied to a single tooth or patients with complete tooth loss can benefit from this application. If the necessary conditions for the implant are met, it can be applied. The patient chooses one of the removable or fixed implant methods for the implant prosthesis.
Moving dental prostheses: Moving dental prosthesis, depending on the tooth condition and material;
I - Classical Partial Prostheses: It is also known as a hooked prosthesis colloquially. It is a procedure performed by attaching a crochet (hook) with the teeth remaining in the patient's mouth. The installation and removal process is very easy.
II - Precision Attachment Prostheses: In this procedure, the patient's natural teeth are retained. There is no crochet (hook) like classical partial prosthesis.
III - Full Dentures: The commonly used name is artificial teeth. This method is a method used in complete tooth deficiency. The patient's teeth are simply inserted and removed. It may require correction from time to time according to the height and volume of the tooth bone.
IV - Immediate Prostheses: It is applied to teeth that require surgical procedures. If all teeth of the patient are lost or have to be removed, these procedures are performed and then intervened. It is used as a temporary prosthesis in teeth to be implanted.
V - Denture Prosthesis: It is a type of removable prosthesis that acts as a holder to the natural teeth that are planned to be extracted, in which the retainers are inside the tooth.
VI - Implant supported fixed prostheses: This application is performed by fixing on the implants placed in the tooth bone. It is not troublesome to attach and remove like removable prostheses. Tooth surface is made by using metals such as zirconium coating and porcelain coating.
It may take some time to use removable dental prostheses. Only if you are patient and determined, you will be comfortable. Removable dentures are seen as an adaptation process in the first month. During this period, you should continue to use it. You may find it difficult to say some words while getting used to your new teeth. This is not something to be afraid of. It can be caused by the inability to match your teeth with cheeks, tongue and lips. It is recommended to put the prosthesis back on after cleaning it during the familiarization process. It is not recommended to remove the gums frequently during the process of fitting and getting used to the new prosthesis. However, it will be good to remove the teeth while lying down in the following processes in terms of resting the gum.
Is Adhesives Used On Moving Teeth?
The use of adhesives is recommended especially during the prosthesis adjustment phase. It is suitable to use once or twice a day.
Advantages of Implant Supported Prosthesis
First of all, lost teeth prevent human psychology and healthy nutrition. The gaps formed should be filled with materials that are closest to natural and useful. Implant-supported prostheses are also one of these applications. It has many advantages. Some of those:
It prevents tooth bone from melting.
It has an aesthetic appearance.
Since the implant is made with support, the chewing power is stronger.
It is very easy to clean.
Crooked teeth can be corrected.
Prevents tooth color and stains on teeth.
It is prepared in smaller sizes compared to traditional prosthesis procedures. This makes it easy to adapt to the mouth.
What is an Implant Supported Bridge?
Implant bridge is a very comfortable and healthy application in case of loss of one or more teeth. Not every patient can use prosthesis for more than one tooth loss. In particular, removable prostheses are not recommended for all age groups in terms of both visual and usage. However, implant application reveals very successful results in patients seeking aesthetics. Thanks to the metal screws placed in the jawbone, it acts as a tooth root. Thus, a connection is created between the upper tooth and the root of the jaw. Then the apparatus that looks like a tooth is placed on the implant. Finally, porcelain teeth are attached. This process is also applied for more than one tooth loss.
Does Every Tooth Need An Implant?
In teeth with more than one cavity, an implant supported bridge is applied. In traditional dental bridges, lateral teeth are cut and support is provided. However, in this application, even if three or four tooth losses are side by side, it is possible to make bridges with two implants. One implant is placed at both ends of the empty spaces. Two teeth remain on the implanted side. The tooth in the middle area is held by the implants and the placement is done.
After the implant construction phase is passed, the jaw structure and teeth are measured. In the digital environment, the tooth takes its final shape. Then it is prepared in a laboratory environment. This period takes one to two weeks. During this period, an average of three sessions are visited by the physician. Deficiencies and general examination are made. Your implant-supported bridge procedure will be done within two weeks at the latest.
Implant Supported Bridge Advantages
While applying the bridge, it does not harm healthy teeth. The bridge is fixed through implants and the adjacent teeth are not damaged. Another good thing is that it is fixed like natural teeth. Natural tooth comfort is provided with the procedure performed on the jaw root. It is possible to say that it makes a difference to other bridge types because of its aesthetic appearance. In some applications, the bridge process is able to create a nice image. This is particularly undesirable for younger patients. A natural and unseen process is applied with the implant-supported bridge. In addition, the implant is a long-lasting substance due to the material it contains. This makes it advantageous.
Since it is an artificial application, it requires a little more care and cleaning. Compared to natural teeth, the rate of wear, exposure, and the ingredients in it are directly proportional to cleaning. If you want a long-lasting use; Do not neglect to brush your teeth and use dental floss twice a day.
What is the All On Four Implant Technique?
All-on-4 dental implants are a full set of implants designed to replace your entire upper or lower set of teeth. They act as a more permanent and natural-looking alternative to dentures. All-on-4 implants are a procedure that can be applied to fully edentulous patients without natural teeth. With an All-on-4 implant, you don’t need to replace each lost tooth individually. Instead, a dental professional will surgically insert four titanium posts into your jawbone as the main anchors. They can then attach a permanent denture at those four areas for a seamless look across your entire mouth.The prosthesis will stay in your mouth permanently and look just as natural as your surrounding real teeth.
How do All-on-Four implants compare to traditional dental implants?
Feels closest to natural teeth.
Bulky appliance and can be uncomfortable.
Does not move
Can fall out.
Denture sores may occur.
Can last a lifetime
Bone loss will occur under the denture
Ability to taste food
Will continually need to be refitted and replaced.
Gain up to 95% of your natural ability biting force
Requires adhesive to secure and may affect the clarity of speech.
Who Is It Applied?
Anyone who has sufficient bone volume, has no dangerous illnesses, has no teeth, has partial tooth loss or who is in danger of losing his teeth. Here, "dangerous illness" is meant for patients with serious diseases that cannot have a tooth extraction.
Will There Be Any Pain After All On Four Implant?
There is absolutely no pain during the procedure. However, after the numbness, there may be mild pain and swelling in the places of the procedures applied to the tooth. But, this is not an unbearable pain. Your doctor will prescribe appropriate, pain-relieving medications for prevention. If you use these medications regularly, you will not have any problems. Some patients do not feel any pain or swelling. This partly depends on the person's body.
What is a Protective Fissure Sealant?
It is a very important application for children's oral and dental health. It is applied to prevent decayed teeth that occur in children at certain age periods. Fissure is the name given to the recessed, slit-shaped cavities in the molar and posterior grinding teeth. The posterior teeth are wide and large. The structure of these chewing teeth is not straight and not slippery. Cavities usually occur in cavities with indentation formation. First, that area is damaged.
Why is Protective Fissure Sealant Made?
This application is done with the aim of protecting children's teeth. Since the molars and back teeth are used as food grinders, there are residues in the cavities of the teeth. Over time, these food residues damage the tooth. It will cause caries if not taken good care.
Can Anyone Do It?
Protective fissure is not a method applied to all ages. It can be applied to milk teeth. Especially in the age group of 6, this is done when the posterior teeth start to come out. Apart from that, it can be applied to children up to 10 years old. However, it is not recommended for children under 3 years old.
Protective Fissure Sealant Application
Tooth surface is disinfected.
It is cleaned with a special brush to ensure that there is no residue.
Then, the ground is prepared for fissure application with a special solution.
Finally, fissure flows through the slits.
Since it is a liquid and fluid substance, it finds its place by flowing into cavities.
Then, light treatment is applied for about 2 minutes with a special tool to freeze the liquid.
Since the fissure protector is not applied too much, operations such as cutting and trimming are not required. For this reason, only light freezing is done.
Thus, less indentation and protrusion occurs on the surface of the tooth.
What is a Placeholder?
Placeholder is a method used in children. Loss of milk teeth occurs for various reasons. An object called retainer is placed around the empty tooth base. Thus, the adjacent teeth are prevented from sliding into the space.
I - Fixed Placeholder Apparatus
SFixed placeholders are non-movable metal holders mounted with adhesive. It can only be inserted and removed by the dentist.
II - Movable Placeholder Apparatus
Movable placeholders, unlike fixed placeholders are used without the need for insertion and removal by the dentist. Cleaning and maintenance can be done more easily. Movable placeholders can be installed and removed at any time. There are some points to be considered in its use. Some of them are; The placeholders can be removed from time to time and the mouth can be rested. When the apparatus is removed, it must be kept in water. It may not settle in the mouth structure if it is not dry and stretched for a long time due to metal formation. Before going to bed at night, you can put the movable placeholder appliance in a glass of water.You can also do the cleaning in the same way, gently clean the inside of it and reattach it. An important point for the movable placeholder apparatus is; Metal should never be allowed to bend or twist. It may be narrow to the tooth or it may hurt somewhere. In this case, you should immediately consult a dentist. Do not try to fix it yourself. It may be broken or impossible to repair. Thus, you will have to have a new one.
How Long Are Placeholder Appliances Used?
A longer time can be used for early loss milk teeth. A placeholder appliance should be used until the permanent teeth come out. The jaw structure grows and develops as the age progresses in early losses Therefore, the placeholder tooth may be small, its distance may be shortened, expansion or contraction may occur.
Things to pay attention
The placeholders should not be pushed with the hand or tongue and moved.
In order not to damage the inserted teeth, the tooth periphery should be thoroughly disinfected.
Fixed placeholders are removed under the supervision of the dentist. However, you can simply remove the movable placeholders while eating.
In cases such as breakage, tension, it should be changed without waiting.
Teeth should be brushed regularly.
Teeth check should be done every 6 months.
The use of a placeholder appliance is important for children's tooth development and healthy chewing functions. Early lost milk teeth leave space in place. If this space is not protected, the side teeth will slide into the space. Thus, the area of the fixed tooth to come out becomes narrower. It slides into a different area from where it should be. This causes the formation of a crooked tooth knee. The placeholder appliance prevents this formation.
What is Milk Tooth Filling?
Dental problems in children cause both physical and mental problems. Problems such as abscess, caries and fractures in the teeth at a young age may cause the child to experience dental phobia. Besides, having a toothache is another negative aspect.
Why is a Milk Tooth Filled?
As a general aspect , it is said that the temporary tooth does not need to be intervened. Yet this opinion is highly wrong and harmful in terms of the child. While milk teeth begin to fall out, fixed teeth find their places and come out. However, if the milk tooth decays and leaves its place early, a gap occurs until the next fixed tooth comes out. Thus, the fixed tooth will lose its place where it will come out. As a result, tooth alignment located in the wrong place occurs. In order to avoid this problem, filling is applied to the milk teeth in children.
Causes of Decay of Milk Tooth
Giving sweet foods such as sugar and jam to the pacifier in children using pacifiers.
Failure to clean teeth regularly.
Consuming foods such as chocolate and sugar too much.
Consumption of acidic beverages and sugary drinks too much.
The harmful sugar ratio found in additional foods.
In which cases is the milk tooth filled?
It is important to observe if your child has problems with their teeth. The child may find it difficult to explain the toothache. Your child; When eating, it should be checked whether s/he is chewing the food properly. Bad breath can also be a sign of dental disease. Especially decayed teeth cause smell. Sniff your child's breath from time to time. If there is a change in tooth color, show it to the dentist. If the child’s smile or speech is abnormal, it may be caused by the tooth. If her/his hand goes to her/his cheek and says there is pain. In such cases, it is useful to consult your dentist.
What happens if the decayed milk tooth is not filled?
If milk tooth is not taken seriously by saying temporary; It can damage permanent teeth. The decay increases and expands and can progress to the nerve endings of the tooth. This causes severe pain. The inflammation causes the abscess pain. It prevents permanent teeth from coming out healthy. More problems are encountered in later years. It can prepare the ground for serious diseases such as rheumatism and heart disease.
What are the orthodontic problems as a result of early milk tooth loss?
Inability to eat healthy due to chewing difficulty.
The empty place of the lost milk tooth expands even more if it is not intervened. It does not leave a place for the permanent tooth to come out.
The deformity of the facial lines as a result of the jaw and tooth structure disorder.
bite disorder in teeth.
Permanent teeth to remain embedded.
Perplexed tooth alignment.
What Is Deciduous Tooth Amputation?
It is done in cases where tooth decay is very advanced. It is made by removing rotten tissue and affected nerves and vessels. It aims to keep the tooth alive and to continue its function. After the amputation treatment, filling or crown veneers are made on the tooth. Before starting amputation and root canal treatments applied to deciduous teeth, anesthesia is applied to the tooth. Your child will not feel any pain or aches after the teeth are numbed.
|EXAMINATION||PANOROMIC FILM||DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY||COMPOSITE FILLER (CHEMICAL LIGHT)||COMPOSITE LAMINETED VENEER (BONDING)|
|TOOTH BLEACHING||CERAMIC INLAY FILLER||CANAL TREATMENT||PERIAPICAL LESION CANAL TREATMENT||POST IN-CANAL|
|IN-CANAL FIBER POST||AMPUTATION||FISHER SEALS (SEALANT)||FLOUR APPLICATION||SPACE MAINTAINERS|
|OPEN APEXIC DENTAL CANAL TREATMENT||SPLINT TREATMENT||FULL PROSTHESIS||SECTIONAL PROSTHESIS||PRECISION HOLDING PROSTHESIS|
|IMPLANT SUPPORTED PROSTHESIS||IMMEDIATE PROSTHESIS||VENEER CROWN (CERAMIC)||LAMINETE VENEER CROWN (CERAMIC)||CLASSIC ORTHODONTICS|
|ORTHODONTICS WITH TRANSPARENT PLATES||ORTHODONTICS WITH PORCELAIN BRACKET||CASTING POST||TEMPORARY CROWN||IMPLANT SUPPORTED PROSTHESIS (LOCATER)|
|REPAIR (ACRYLIC PROSTHESIS-BROKEN OR CRACKED)||ZIRCONIUM||ADDITIONAL CROCHET OR REPAIR OF METAL FRAME||DENTAL ADDITION||NIGHT PLATE|
|CROWN EXTRACTION||CEMENTATION||IMPLANT OVER VENEER CROWN (CERAMIC)||FEED||ROCH BRIDGE|
|HYBRID PROSTHESIS||MK 1 (EFEM)||TOOTH EXTRACTION||COMPLICATED TOOTH EXTRACTION||EMBEDDED DENTAL EXTRACTION|
|ROOT TIP RESECTION||ALVEOLIT SURGICAL TREATMENT||ANESTHESIA||BLEEDING TREATMENT||ALVEOL PLASTIC|
|CYST OPERATION||FRENECTOMY OPERATION||SINUS LIFTING||APSE DRAINAGE||DETERTAGE (TOOTH STONE CLEANING)|
|SUBGINGIVAL CURETARY||GINGIVECTOMY||FLAP OPERATION||DENTAL GRAFFIT||BRACKET|
|SLOW EXPANSION||RAPID EXPANSION (HYRAX)||FACEMASK||FUNCTIONAL TREATMENT||PORCELAIN BRACKET|